Roy Hodgson handed the midfielder his first England start in a 4-2 victory over Sweden, with Sterling lasting 85 minutes before being replaced by Wilfried Zaha.
The 18-year-old, who has scored two goals in 38 games for Liverpool this season, grew up in Kingston before moving to England with his mother aged five and going on to represent the Three Lions at youth level.
“I grew up playing for England’s youth teams and it just didn’t seem right to switch,” Sterling told Liverpool’s website. “I want to continue my education with England.
“It was a dream come true to make my debut and I’m really grateful. Hopefully I can kick on with Liverpool and hopefully get more caps for England.”
Sterling has fallen out of favour under Brendan Rodgers in recent weeks following the arrival of Daniel Sturridge and Philippe Coutinho in the January transfer window.
The former Queens Park Rangers youth graduate made 16 consecutive starts in the Premier League earlier this season but has been used largely as an impact substitute in 2013.
“As a young player you’ve just got to work hard,” addded Sterling. “Hopefully I can get on the bench and then make an impact coming off the bench. Hopefully I can get a chance and take it.
“I don’t feel an added pressure. I can’t try and overdo it. I’ve got to play my normal game and hopefully that will work out.
“I’ve been in the gym a few times a week. Size isn’t an issue as long as you can hold your own on the pitch.
“I want to work on my long-distance shooting and my decision making.”
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