Masters 2014: Augusta facts through the decades

Masters 2014: Augusta never fails to produce sparkling moments and here are a few of them

Sportsbeat
By Sportsbeat
Golden bear: Jack Nicklaus in 1986 Photo: BomboSportsandEnt/YouTube

The Masters has produced something special almost every year since its inception in 1934.

Here we take you through the archives for an in-depth look at one of sport’s greatest events.

1933: Amateur golfer Bobby Jones and business man Clifford Roberts opened the Augusta National Golf Club. It was also the year that Adolf Hitler was elected German Chancellor.

1934: The inaugural Augusta National Invitational was held and was won by Horton Smith 282 (-4). It was also the year that the board game Monopoly was launched.

1937: Members began to wear Green Jackets (the winners would not do so until the late 1940s). It was also the year that the first jet-engine was built.

1939: The tournament became known as The Masters. It was also the year that Germany invaded Poland to signify the start of the Second World War.

1940: Lloyd Mangrum hit a course record of 64 but lost out to Jimmy Demaret who won by four strokes. It was also the year that The Battle of Britain was fought.

1946: Herman Keiser won the tournament after serving with the US Navy in WW2. It was also the year that Winston Churchill made his famous Iron Curtain speech.

1947: Demaret became the first player to break par in all four rounds for his second Masters victory. It was also the year that the mobile telephone was invented.

1948: General Dwight D. Eisenhower became a club member and he would have a tree named after him on the 17th fairway. It was also the year the National Health Service was created.

1950: Demaret became the first three-time winner (1940 & 1947) with a score of 283 (-5).

1951: Ben Hogan claimed his first Masters Tournament win with a score of 280 (-8).

1956: Jack Burke Jr. won with a score of 289 (1) and it was the first television broadcast of the final four holes of the course. This was also the year of the Suez Crisis.

1962: Arnold Palmer won his third green jacket after winning the tournament’s first ever three-way-play-off against Gary Player and Don Finsterwald. It was also the year of the Cuban Missile Crisis.

1963: Jack Nicklaus won his first Green Jacket. It was also the year that President John F. Kennedy was assassinated.

1965: Nicklaus won his second title with a 9 shot win, a score that stood for 32 years until Tiger Woods’ win in 1997 with 12 strokes.

1966: Nicklaus snatched victory in a play-off becoming the first player to retain the title. It was also the year that the tournament was broadcast in colour for the first time. England also won their first and only World Cup to date.

1971: Founder Jones died on December 18 aged 69 due to the crippling Syringomyelia disease.

1977: Co-founder Roberts died aged 84 after committing suicide by gunshot on the banks of the par-3 course at the Augusta National (he had been in ill health for several months).

1979: Fuzzy Zoeller won the title and was only the third man to win the tournament on his first appearance (the other two were Horton Smith in the first Masters and Gene Sarazen in the second). It was also the year that Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister.

Who will don the elusive jacket?

1980: Seve Ballesteros won the tournament by four strokes. It was also the year that John Lennon was assassinated.

1986: Nicklaus won a record sixth green jacket and at 46 years old, became the oldest champion in the tournament’s history.

1989: England’s Nick Faldo beat play-off opponent Scott Hoch, winning in the dark on the 11th green with a score of -5. This was also the year of the Tiananmen Square massacre.

1990: Faldo became only the second man (after Nicklaus) to retain the green jacket defeating Raymond Floyd in a play-off. It was also the year that Nelson Mandela was released from prison after 27 years.

1997: A 21-year-old Woods wins his first honour and first of four Masters title’s with a score of 270 (-18). He was the youngest winner of the event and he was also the winner with the largest winning margin. It was also the year that Tony Blair (Labour) was appointed Prime Minister.

2001: Woods wins his second masters and fourth successive major with a score of 272 (-16).

2002: Woods wins the tournament becoming only the third player (after Faldo and Nicklaus) to retain the title with a winning score of 276 (-12). This was also the year that Brazil won the World Cup for a record fifth time. Pete Sampras won his 14th and final grand slam while Paula Radcliffe broke the world record for the London Marathon.

2004: Phil Mickelson finally claimed the US Masters title with a score of 279 (-9) after being dubbed ‘The Best Player Not to Have Won a Major’. It was also the year that Kelly Holmes won the 800 and 1500m gold medals at the Athens Olympics. Shane Warne also became the first spinner in history to take 500 test wickets.

2005: Woods wins his fourth green jacket with a chip-in on 16 to secure a 276 (-12) victory. It was also the year that the now disgraced cyclist Lance Armstrong won his seventh straight Tour de France title and England’s cricket team won the Ashes for the first time since 1987.

2006: Mickelson won his second green jacket in three years after dominating in the final round finishing with a score of 281 (-7). This was also the year that Europe won their third consecutive Ryder Cup and in football, Italy won the World Cup beating France on penalties.

2010: Mickelson claimed his third green jacket beating Lee Westwood by three shots. This was also the year that Europe retained the Ryder Cup and in football, Spain won the World Cup for the first time in their history.

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