The German led from pole in Shanghai and secured a comfortable win ahead of Jenson Button and Lewis Hamilton to seal Mercedes’ first victory since 1955.
“This is a very special moment for me,” he said. “The whole weekend went perfectly. My first pole position, now my first win in Formula 1 – it really is fantastic.
“But it’s not only this; it’s the first win for the new Silver Arrow and for this great team. That is really special for me. Thanks to everybody in the team, here in China and in our factories in Brackley and Brixworth. It makes me very proud that we have improved the car so quickly.
“I will never forget this race, and the last 20 laps felt as long as if I was racing in the Le Mans 24 Hours!
“Crossing the line was so intense. We will enjoy this success, but our feet are still on the ground.
“We are still not where we want to be, we are still working hard to understand the car and the tyres in all conditions, and we will keep pushing to improve our race pace even further. We will see how that works out in Bahrain.”
1 Nico Rosberg (Ger) Mercedes GP 1hr 36mins 26.929secs
2 Jenson Button (Gbr) McLaren 1:36:47.555
3 Lewis Hamilton (Gbr) McLaren 1:36:52.941
4 Mark Webber (Aus) Red Bull 1:36:54.853
5 Sebastian Vettel (Ger) Red Bull 1:36:57.412
6 Romain Grosjean (Swi) Lotus F1 Team 1:36:58.420
7 Bruno Senna (Bra) Williams 1:37:01.526
8 Pastor Maldonado (Ven) Williams 1:37:02.572
9 Fernando Alonso (Spa) Ferrari 1:37:04.185
10 Kamui Kobayashi (Jpn) Sauber-Ferrari 1:37:05.649
11 Sergio Perez (Mex) Sauber-Ferrari 1:37:07.995
12 Paul di Resta (Gbr) Force India 1:37:09.202
13 Felipe Massa (Bra) Ferrari 1:37:09.708
14 Kimi Raikkonen (Fin) Lotus F1 Team 1:37:17.502
15 Nico Hulkenberg (Ger) Force India 1:37:18.142
16 Jean-Eric Vergne (Fra) Scuderia Toro Rosso 1:37:18.685
17 Daniel Ricciardo (Aus) Scuderia Toro Rosso 1:37:30.085
18 Vitaly Petrov (Rus) Caterham at 1 Lap
19 Timo Glock (Ger) Marussia at 1 Lap
20 Charles Pic (Fra) Marussia at 1 Lap
21 Pedro de la Rosa (Spa) HRT-F1 at 1 Lap
22 Narain Karthikeyan (Ind) HRT-F1 at 2 Laps
23 Heikki Kovalainen (Fin) Caterham at 3 Laps
24 Michael Schumacher (Ger) Mercedes GP 12 Laps completed
MORE: The latest football news
MORE: The latest tennis news
BIOGRAPHY: Daniel Sturridge
BIOGRAPHY: Kepa Arrizabalaga